St Andrews day

St Andrews day
St Andrews day

St Andrews day

St. Andrew’s Day

Saint Andrew’s Day, also known as the Feast of Saint Andrew or Andermas, [1] is the feast day of Andrew the Apostle. It is celebrated on 30 November. Saint Andrew is the disciple in the New Testament who introduced his brother, the apostle Peter, to Jesus Christ.
Observed by
Eastern Orthodox Church
Roman Catholic Church (Traditional Holy Days)
Anglican Communion
Patronage of Scotland
Kind of
National (in Scotland and Romania)
Bank Holiday (in Scotland)
November 30 (Western and Eastern)
per annum

Traditions and Ceremonies

St. Andrew’s Day is the beginning of the traditional Advent devotion of St. Andrew’s Christmas Novena.

Saint Andrew’s Day (Scottish: Saunt Andra’s Day, Scottish Gaelic: Là Naomh Andrais) is the official national day of Scotland. It has been a national holiday in Romania since 2015. He is the patriarch of Cyprus, Scotland, Greece (city of Petras), Romania, Russia, Ukraine, Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople, [4] San Andres Island (Colombia). St Andrews (Barbados) and Tenerife (Spain).


The celebration of Saint Andrew as a national festival among some social classes and places is believed to date back to the reign of Malcolm III (1058–1093). It was believed that the animal slaughtering ritual associated with Samhain was moved to this date to ensure that enough animals were kept alive for the winter. But it is only in recent times that November 30 has been given the status of a national holiday, even though it is a normal working day.

Bank holiday
In 2006, the Scottish Parliament passed the St Andrew’s Day Bank Holiday (Scotland) Act 2007, [7] which designated the day as a public bank holiday. If 30 November falls on a weekend, the following Monday is a bank holiday instead. Although it is a “bank holiday”, banks are not required to close (and will remain open as normal in practice) and employers are not required to give their employees the day off on the holiday. [8] Schools remain open as well. [9]

The University of St Andrews traditionally grants this day as a free holiday for all students, but this is not a binding rule.

St Andrews day
St Andrews day

The saltire
St Andrew’s Day is an official flag day in Scotland. The Scottish Government’s flag-flying regulations state that the flag of Scotland (saltire or St Andrew’s Cross) must be flown on all its buildings with a flag. followed and would fly the saltire only on St. Andrew’s Day. The regulations were updated to state that the Union Flag would be removed and replaced with a saltire on buildings with only one flag.[12]

Flying the Union Flag from Edinburgh Castle on all days, including St Andrew’s Day, has caused anger among some Scottish politicians and Scottish Unionists who have argued that the saltire should instead be flown on 30 November.[13] However, the Union Flag is flown at the Castle by the British Army as it is an official flag flying station of the British Army.[14]


In Scotland, and many countries with a Scottish connection, St Andrew’s Day is celebrated with Scottish culture and traditional Scottish food and music. In Scotland the day is also seen as the start of the Scottish winter festival season which includes St Andrew’s Day, Hogmanay and Burns Night.[15] The town of St Andrews and some other Scottish Cities have week-long events.

Saint Andrew’s Day is celebrated as National Independence Day in Barbados. As the patron saint, Saint Andrew is commemorated in a number of Barbadian symbols including the cross formation of the Barbadian coat of arms, and the former Order of Barbados which designated recipients as Knights or Dames of Saint Andrew. What was the style?

A number of pre-Christian Romanian traditions are associated with St. Andrew’s Day, some originating from Roman celebrations of the god Saturn, the most famous being Saturna

Dashan New Year lasted from November 14 to December 7. When time began to run its course, it was considered an interval. One of the elements that belongs to Roman and Thracian ceremonies is related to wolves. During this night, the wolves are allowed to eat all the animals they want. It is said that they can also speak, but anyone who listens to them will soon die. Early on St. Andrew’s Day, mothers go into the garden and gather branches from trees, especially from apple, pear and cherry trees and rose branches. They create a group of branches for each family member. One whose bunch blooms by New Year’s Day will be lucky and healthy in the coming year. The most famous tradition associated with this night is related to marriage and early dreams. Virgin girls should keep a sprig or branch of sweet basil under their pillow. If one takes plants in a dream, it means that the girl will get married soon. They can also plant wheat in a dish and water it until New Year’s Day. The better the wheat looks on that day, the better the coming year will be.

St. Andrew’s Eve

St Andrews day
St Andrews day

In Ukraine, Germany, Austria, Slovakia, Poland, Russia and parts of Romania, there is a superstitious belief that the night before St. Andrew’s Day is particularly suitable for that which shows the future husband of a young woman or that connects the future husband to her. 22] This day was believed to mark the beginning of the most popular time for vampire activity, which would last until St. George’s Eve (April 22).[23]

In Poland, the holiday Andrzejski is celebrated on the night of November 29-30. Traditionally, the holiday was celebrated only by young virgins, although today both young men and women join the party to see their future. The main ceremony involved pouring hot wax from a candle into cold water through a hole in a key.

In Romania, it is customary for young women to put 41 grains of wheat under their pillow before going to bed, and if they dream that someone is coming to steal their grains, it means that they will get married in the next year. . Also in some other parts of the country, young women light a candle from Easter and bring it to a fountain at midnight. They ask Saint Andrew to let them glimpse their future husband. Saint Andrew is said to ward off wolves, who are believed to eat any animal that night, and to speak to humans. A human who hears a wolf talking to him will die. Saint Andrew is also the patron saint of Romania and the Romanian Orthodox Church.[26]

In Póvoa de Varzim, an ancient fishing town in northern Portugal, Cape Santo André (Portuguese for Saint Andrew) is a site that bears witness to Romanization and possible earlier significance with hints of Stone Age paintings. [27] There are small depressions in a cliff near the cape, a mysterious stone, believed by people to be the footprints of St. Andrew. St Andrew’s Chapel is of possible medieval date, being referred to in 1546 and earlier documents. This is a burial site for drowned fishermen found on the Cape. Fishermen also requested the intervention of the saint for better catches. Virgin girls wishing to be married threw a small stone on the roof of the chapel, hoping it would stick. Due to its pagan assimilation, it is also associated with white magic to this day. It was common to see groups of fishermen, lanterns in hand, visiting the Cape’s chapel along the beach on St. Andrew’s. They believed that St. Andrew fished the deep, harboring the spirits of drowned men. Those who have never visited Santo Andre in life will have to make the pilgrimage as a corpse.
St. Andrew’s Day Frequently Asked Questions
What is St. Andrew’s Day?
St Andrew’s Day is the feast day of Andrew the Apostle and is celebrated on 30 November every year in Scotland. In 1320, St. Andrew officially became the patron saint of Scotland when the country’s independence was declared with the signing of The Declaration of Arbroath.

Is St Andrew’s Day a public holiday?
Yes. In 2006, the Scottish Parliament declared St Andrew’s Day a bank holiday. Although it is not a law, most Scottish employers are left to decide whether to give their staff a day off or close for the day. If November 30 falls on a weekend, staff are given Friday or Monday off.

What are the most common traditions of St. Andrew’s Day?
St. Andrew’s Day celebrates the best of Scottish culture with lots of delicious food, music and celibate dancing and parties into the wee hours of the night.

St Andrews day
St Andrews day

What are common St. Andrew’s Day games?
Get creative at home and spruce up your living space with these fun St. Andrew’s Day crafts. From Scottie Dog mobiles to making your own saltire collage. There’s plenty to keep Piss and Big Baron entertained!

What are common songs for St. Andrew’s Day?
From the famous Auld Lang Syne to Dougie Maclean’s epic anthem Caledonia. Here are just a few tips to start your St. Andrew’s Day singing a long time.

Liberty sung by The Coreys
Loch Lomond performed by Runrig.
Scots Wha Hae, written by Robert Burns, sung by Dick Gaughan.
Wild Geese/Norland Wind is sung by Jim Reid.

What is St. Andrew’s Day Food?
Scotland has a large portion of food and drink on St. Andrew’s Day. For starters, the traditional soup dish clean skunk is often served. Made with smoked haddock, potatoes and onions. When it comes to the main course, there can only be one dish to celebrate Scotland’s patron saint, haggis, napes (turnips) and tatties (mashed potatoes). Sweet is a dish that is served hot especially on cold winter nights, celebrate your feast with Kluttiya Dumplings and Custard. A traditional Scottish dessert made from dried fruit, spices, oatmeal or breadcrumbs, flour and beef suet. The word ‘Clooty’ is derived from the Old Scots word for ‘cloth’ where dumplings were traditionally boiled.

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