Wed. May 31st, 2023


Mastodon (Social Network)

Mastodon is free and open source software for running self-hosted social networking services. It has microblogging features similar to the Twitter service, served by a large number of independently operating nodes, known for example, each with its own code of conduct, terms of service, privacy. policy, privacy options, and moderation policies. Each user is a member of a specific Mastodon instance (also called a server), which can act as a federated social network, allowing users to interact with each other on different occasions. Its purpose is to give users the flexibility to choose a node whose policies they prefer, but retain access to a larger social network. Mastodon is also part of the fiduciary pair of server platforms, which use shared protocols that allow users to interact with users on other compatible platforms, [9] such as PeerTube and Friendica. Mastodon is crowdfunded and has no ads.

A mastodon mascot is an animal with a trunk, resembling a mastodon, sometimes depicted using a tablet or smartphone. Messages posted using the software were previously known as “toots”, although they are now simply “posts”.[10] Mastodon was created by Eugene Ruchko and published by Hacker News in October 2016. But it was announced.

Functionality and features

Mastodon servers run social networking software that is capable of communicating using the W3C’s ActivityPub standard, implemented since version 1.6. Can interact with users that support ActivityPub.

Since version 2.9.0 Mastodon has offered single column mode by default for new users. In advanced mode, Mastodon approximates TweetDeck’s microblogging user experience. Users post short-form status messages for others to see. For the standard Mastodon example, these messages can contain up to 500 text-based characters, an extension of Twitter’s 280 character limit, [14][15] although many Mastodon servers allow a larger character limit. The source code is forked.

Users join a specific Mastodon server rather than a single website or application. Servers are connected as nodes in a network, and each server can manage its own rules, account privileges, and whether to share messages with other servers. Many servers are themed around specific interests. It is also common for servers to be located around a particular area, region or country.

Mastodon includes several unique privacy features. Each message has several privacy options available, and users can choose whether the message is public or private. Public messages are displayed on a global feed, known as a timeline, and private messages are shared only on the user’s followers’ timelines. Messages can also be marked unlisted from timelines or directly between users. Users can also mark their accounts as completely private. In the timeline, messages can display with an optional “content warning” feature, which requires readers to click on the content to reveal the rest of the message. Mastodon servers use this feature to hide spoilers, trigger warnings, and not-safe-for-work (NSFW) content, although some accounts use the feature to hide links and comments that Others may not want to read.

Mastodon aggregates messages in real-time into local and federal timelines. A local timeline displays messages from users on a single server, while a federated timeline displays messages across all participating Mastodon servers. Users can communicate on connected Mastodon servers with matching usernames in the format of full email addresses.

Content moderation.


As early as 2017, journalists such as Sarah Jeong[19] distinguished Mastodon for its approach to dealing with harassment on Twitter.[16] Mastodon uses community-based moderation, in which each server types spam. may limit, or filter, the content of For example, and many other servers ban content that is illegal in Germany or France, including Nazi symbols, Holocaust denial, and incitement to violence against Jews. Servers may also choose to limit or filter messages that contain offensive content. Mastodon founder Eugene Ruchko (born in Russia and based in Jena, Germany) believes that small, close-knit communities deal with unwanted behavior more effectively than a small safety team at a large company.[20] Users Others can also block and report to administrators, as on Twitte.

Administrators of servers can prevent other servers from interacting with their own, a process known as “de-federation”. Administrators and users rely on the “#fediblock” hashtag to alert others to troublesome servers, acting as a decentralized immune system for the network. so manyPeople of color have warned about the toxicity of the platform and the whiteness in the space, reporting more harassment on Mastodon than on Twitter, which has increased since Twitter’s transition., a server established for BIPOC users in 2017, was shut down in 2020. The problem is identified as a reflection of white supremacy in the larger world rather than a technical problem. Smaller instances are starting to take a backseat to larger instances that don’t protect users from harassment. The solution of creating decentralized BIPOC servers from the larger network to solve the problem has been criticized for creating “separate but equal” instances that do not directly solve the problem.[22]


In September 2018, Mastodon marked its 100th release, with the release of version 2.5 with redesigned public profile pages.[23] Then, in late October, Mastodon 2.6 was released, with Introduced the possibility of live, in-stream link previews for verified profiles and photos and videos.[24] As of January 2019, it is possible to search for multiple hashtags at once, instead of searching for just one hashtag. is, as it was before the release of version 2.7. Version 2.7 also has stronger moderation capabilities for server administrators and moderators, while accessibility, such as contrast for users with visual impairments, has also been improved.[25] Users can create pools and A new invitation system to manage registrations was integrated in April 2019, along with the ability to vote.[26] Since the release of Mastodon 2.8.1 in May 2019, images with content warnings have, by default, are dimmed rather than hidden entirely.[27] The most significant addition to Mastodon functionality in June 2019 was the optional single-column view in version 2.9.[28] This view is now displayed by default for all new users, Although this can be changed to the original column-oriented view in Mastodon’s preferences.[citation needed]

In August 2020, Mastodon 3.2 was released. It included a redesigned audio player with custom thumbnails and the ability to add personal notes to one’s profile.


In July 2021, an official client was released for iOS devices. According to project leadership, the release was part of an effort to bring in new users.

Mastodon 4.0 was released in November 2022 and included language support for translating posts and following hashtags.


Mastodon is written as free and open source software (FOSS) for federated microblogging, to which anyone can contribute code, and which anyone can run on their own server infrastructure, if they wish. , or servers run by other people may include[32] the Fediverse network[33] with its server-side technology powered by Ruby on Rails and Node.js, and its front-end by React.js and Redux. [34] The database software is PostgreSQL.[35] The service is compatible with decentralized social networks and platforms that use the ActivityPub protocol to communicate with each other. After version 3.0 Since then, Mastodon has dropped previous support for OSstatus.

Client apps for mobile devices, desktop computers, and web browsers that interact with the Mastodon API have been released for a range of operating systems, including Windows, macOS, Linux, Android, and iOS.

While Mastodon was first released in October 2016, the service began expanding in late March and early April 2017. [40] The Verge wrote that the community was small at the time and had yet to host these characters. had not attracted attention that keeps users on Twitter. Global usage has increased from 766,500 users as of 1 August 2017 to 1 million users as of 1 December 2017. In November 2017, artists, writers, and entrepreneurs such as Chuck Wendig, John Scalzi, Melanie Gilman, and later John O. Nolan joined.Another surge in popularity occurred in March, as of April 2018, concerns about user privacy arose from #deletefacebook efforts. Due.

Some “alt-tech” groups are using Mastodon, including some ideologically neutral as well as political extremists and organized retail crime (ORC) groups.

In early December 2018, Mastodon and other alternative social media sites saw a large increase in membership after Tumblr announced its intention to ban all sensitive content from its site[48].[49]

In November 2019, about 20,000 Twitter users in India temporarily moved to Mastodon following user complaints against Twitter’s moderation policies.[50]

To circumvent increasing online censorship of social networks in mainland China, a growing number of Chinese-language users have chosen to migrate to Mastodon in 2022.

2022 Twitter-related increase in adoption

Following Elon Musk’s April 25 announcement of purchasing Twitter, Mastodon’s user engagement increased in April 2022. As of April 27, 30,000 new users had joined Mastodon.[53][54] On April 28, 2022, the European Data Protection Supervisor (EDPS) announced that the official ActivityPub microblank of EU institutions, bodies and agencies (EUIs) based on Mastodonlaunched the Gang platform (called EU Voice).


Kasturi’s acquisition became final on 27 October 2022. Mastodon resulted in 70,000 new users on October 28 alone. Daily downloads increased significantly, increasing from 3,400 daily downloads on October 27 to 113,400 on November 6, 2022. According to Ruchko, by November 3, usage of the Federate network had grown to 665,000 active users, with some growing pains. In particular, Mastodon’s largest instance,, needed a capacity upgrade to handle the new load.Accounts on a server called, set up by Adam Davidson They are limited to journalists.

Mastodon’s growing adoption has continued in the days since the Twitter takeover. On November 11, the platform reported 700,000 new users compared to the previous week, pushing Mastodon over the 7 million user mark.During this period, several key figures Mastodon has been joined by prominent actors, comedians, journalists, political activists, and politicians. In December 2022, Mastodon reached 2 million monthly active users.

Mastodon’s official Twitter account as well as some links to Mastodon have been banned since December 16.

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